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Learn About
Common
Illnesses

This quick-glance chart will help you learn about primary immunodeficiency illnesses, their symptoms, and standard treatment.

This chart is for informational purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for the medical advice of your doctor. Please consult your doctor for diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition, including the ones described below.

  • Illness
  • Symptoms
  • Standard Treatment
  • Illness

    Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

  • SymptomsRedness and swelling of eyelids, tearing, pus, itching, and burning.
  • Standard TreatmentPlacement of a warm washcloth on each eye, and cleaning from inner to outer corner of eye. Additional treatment(s) may be recommended.
  • Illness

    Ear infection

  • SymptomsSharp, piercing pain, restlessness, irritability, fever, nausea and vomiting; pus or bloody drainage in ear canal if eardrum ruptures.
  • Standard TreatmentAntibiotics may be prescribed if infection is present. Analgesic (pain killing) ear drops may be prescribed to help with the ear pain.
  • Illness

    Gastrointestinal infection

  • SymptomsFrequent, loose, watery bowel movements (diarrhea), nausea, vomiting, pain, loss of appetite. Risk of dehydration — symptoms include poor elasticity of skin; dry parched lips, mouth, and tongue; decreased urine; sunken eye appearance; behavioral changes ranging from restlessness to extreme fatigue and weakness.
  • Standard TreatmentDrinking clear liquids such as weak tea, sports drinks, bouillon, "flat" soft drinks. For nausea and vomiting, eating ice chips or freezer pops. Slowly incorporating bland foods such as rice and cereal to the diet as directed and tolerated. Coating rectal area with petroleum jelly. Rinsing mouth with water to relieve dryness and bad taste; especially after vomiting. Additional treatment(s) may be recommended.
  • Illness

    Respiratory illnesses

  • SymptomsSee specific examples of illness below.
  • Standard Treatment Medication may be prescribed to relieve fever and pain, antibiotics, and expectorant to liquefy mucus secretions, decongestants to shrink swollen mucous membranes. Drinking fluids may also be recommended, including beverages with crushed ice for sore throat, or tea for nasal drainage and relief of chest tightness. Using vaporizer to increase room humidity. Rinsing mouth with water to relieve dryness and bad taste. Receiving adequate rest.
  • Illness

    Sore throat

  • SymptomsRaw or tickling sensation in back of throat, difficulty swallowing.
  • Standard TreatmentSee Respiratory illnesses above.
  • Illness

    Acute sinusitis

  • SymptomsHeadache, aching in forehead and cheekbones, tenderness over face, pain around eyes and teeth.
  • Standard TreatmentSee Respiratory illnesses above.
  • Illness

    Croup

  • SymptomsTight "barking" cough.
  • Standard TreatmentImmediate medical consultation is necessary.
  • Illness

    Acute bronchitis

  • SymptomsFever and cough, at first dry cough, gradually mucus-producing.
  • Standard TreatmentSee Respiratory illnesses above.
  • Illness

    Pneumonia

  • SymptomsChills, high fever, cough, chest pain; possibly bronchiectasis if there are repeated episodes of pneumonia.
  • Standard TreatmentSee Respiratory illnesses above.
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